A Rottweiler is known to be loyal, strong (with a solidly muscled body) and intelligent. Said to be descendants of dogs which Romans used to drive their herd and cattle, Rottweilers have always been bred for their protective instincts. The breed is said to have originated in Germany and accounted to have an analytical attitude upon meeting new people and surroundings. Rottweilers observe and then act. They have a natural instinct to protect their families and those around and can turn quite ferocious if takes a defensive stance.

Overview

Origin: Germany
Avg Price in India: Rs.18000 to Rs.25000
Breed Group: Working
Life Expectancy: 9-10 years
Size: Large
Colors available: Black and tan or black and mahogany
Weight: Female: 80-100 pounds, Male: 93-135 pounds
Height: Female: 22–25 inches, Male: 24-27 inches
Temperament: Guardian, Loyal, Loving

Characteristics

Good for First-time Owners: 1/5
Rottweilers are assertive and can get aggressive for the owners to manage if not trained appropriately.

Energy Level: 4/5
They’re high energy dogs, always on the lookout for activities. They have the stamina for a whole day worth of workouts.

Exercise Needs: 4/5
While less active adults will require 10- to 20-minute walks each day be sure to ask the breeder what kind of an energy level your Rottweiler has. More energetic Rotties need more structured activities & longer exercise times.

Affection Level: 5/5
They are obedient and protective of their family. They are very affectionate and attached to their owners and may follow you around the house to ensure your safety.

Kid-Friendly: 3/5
They love children like their own and are equally as protective of them. They’re great to play with, however, should be kept under supervision when let to play with other children as they may act out of concern.

Ease of training: 5/5
With high energy levels and look out for activities, they are easy to train and very intelligent. They are qualitatively alert and require mental exercises.

Tendency To Bark Or Howl: 3/5
They do not necessarily bark unless there is something that catches their eye, which is worth paying attention to.

Amount of Shedding: 2/5
They shed twice a year and their coat is short and easy to groom as compared to Golden Retrievers or Labradors.

Protection ability: 4/5
Rottweilers are calm but always alert. They are not guard-dogs, however, have a solid sense of security for their close ones.

Grooming needs: 2/5
Because of their coat is short in length, they do not need specific grooming other than necessary hygiene checks.

Apartment-Friendly: 2/5
Loneliness can turn Rottweilers towards barking, digging, and general destructiveness and need to be around their owners for purpose. They need to have a job to exist in harmony.

Cold tolerance: 2/5

Heat tolerance: 3/5

Potential of weight gain: 5/5
Unmonitored food results in Rottweiler overeating, making it easy for them to gain weight.

Wanderlust Potential: 2/5
Since they love their owners and people around them, their tendency to run away from their attached ones is very rare.

Background

The Rottweiler was named after a town called Rottweil in Germany. Descendants from the Molossus, a mastiff-type dog, Rottweilers ancestors marched to Germany with the Romans, driving the cattle. It became a crucial trade center, and Rotts proved themselves by driving the cattle to market and protecting it from robbers and wild animals. They are said to have been used by butchers at markets while traveling during the middle ages to guard money, tied around their necks in pouches. They eventually got the name Rottweiler Metzgerhunds or ‘Butchers’ Dogs’.

Physical Characteristics

Rottweiler is a structured and robust dog Medium-large to Large in size; black with clearly defined rust or mahogany tan markings. His sleek and compact build symbolizes strength, agility, and endurance. Male Rottweilers are characteristically more massive with a larger frame as well as heavier bones than females. Bitches are distinctly feminine without weakness of build, posture, and structure. The outer coat of a Rottweiler is coarse, dense, straight and of medium length. The undercoat is present on its neck and thighs, but the amount varies according to the climate. The coat is shortest on head, ears, and legs. The tail is docked short leaving one or two tail vertebrae. Pads are thick and hard, and the nails are strong and black in color.

Personality

Rottweilers are composed, confident, and courageous. A Rottweiler doesn’t make friends or get comfortable with others right away. Instead, he takes time, waits, and observes new people or situations around. He’s affectionate with his family and often follows them around the house. Rottweiler is not a highly excitable dog. He has a secret desire to protect his family and property but is never aggressive towards people without a cause.
The Rottweiler is smart with a strong work ethic. Male Rotts are quiet and watchful and constantly lookout for threats. Whereas females are somewhat easier to control and more affectionate. Both are highly trainable but can be stubborn.
Rottweilers require discipline; firm but not harsh. A sharp word is enough as a reprimand, but only if you’ve clearly set down yourself as the master. If not, he may try to bully or bluff you. This is not a dog for those who don’t have time to devote to training and supervision or who lack assertiveness.

Health

Rottweilers are mostly affected by hip dysplasia, a genetic deformity, and the condition can range from mild to severe. Severe cases require surgery to correct and are painful. Even with the surgery, the dog can likely develop arthritis with growing old. Elbow dysplasia and osteochondrosis of the knee and shoulder are frequently developing health concerns for the breed.
Rottweilers can also suffer from eye-diseases like (PRA), cataracts, eyelid deformities etcetera.
A likely development of heart problems, including cardiomyopathy and subaortic stenosis (SAS). SAS can lead to death irrespective of the age.

Grooming

Brush your dog twice a week. Regular brushing will help remove mats. Even though Rottweilers shed twice a year, brushing will help prevent profuse shedding. Bathing your Rottweilers with warm water and a quality dog shampoo occasionally is recommended at least once a month to avoid the stinking.

Also, inspect the dog’s pads often. If you find any cracked pads, apply Vaseline. Trim his nails in every few weeks, and brush his teeth regularly for oral care and for good overall health.

Wipe your dog’s eyes and clean his or her ears.
Apply flea and tick preventative to complete your Rottweiler’s grooming ritual. If you are grooming your Rottweiler monthly, then this is a great time to remember to apply flea and tick preventative.

Nutrition

4-10 cups of high-quality dry food divided into two meals a day forms for a basic diet for a Rottweiler. However, it may differ according to metabolism, age, build, and activity levels of the dodge.

Note: An eye-test and a hands-on test will help you check if your dog is following the right diet. Looking down at him, you should be able to see a waist. Place your hands on his back and thumbs along the spine, spreading your fingers downward. You should be able to feel its ribs without having to press hard. If you can’t feel its ribs, it needs a diet check and more exercise.